Faculty of Dentistry

Targeted learning outcomes of the dental program

The following five elements have been followed in the program's learning outcomes:

  1. Knowledge

What should students know, understand or see?

  1. Cognitive skills

How do students apply their knowledge using critical thinking and finding solutions?

  1. Interpersonal skills and responsibility

How should students perform the tasks assigned to them, considering ways of dealing with others and general behaviors?

  1. Communication skills and the use of information technology and numerical skills

How students invest information technology, modern communication methods and dental practice based on scientific evidence in positive communication with patients and the medical system in general.

  1. Psycho-motor skills

Are the manual skills associated with effective hand-brain coordination that students should acquire to demonstrate their ability to practice safe and sound dental practice?

1- Knowledge

Aims to form a theoretical and practical knowledge base for all physical, psychological, economic and social issues related to the treatment and treatment of patients. It is not only the collection of this information, but also the full understanding of how to obtain, expand and update that information. Knowledge must include the ability to continue to be self-sustaining for a lifetime, with the ability to sort out information and contribute to the discovery of new professional knowledge.

The College seeks to ensure that all students upon their graduation from the program acquire the following specifications:

1.1 Understand the natural construction of the human body and its functions at the whole-body level, organs, tissues, cells, and molecules with emphasis on the head area and oral system.

1.2 Understanding of abnormal relationships between construction and function in the human body with emphasis on oral and dental diseases in terms of their causes, pathogenesis, diagnosis, prevention and treatment.

1.3 Comprehensive knowledge of the various principles and techniques required for clinical dental practice and support.

1-4 Understanding of the basic principles of epidemiology, and how to apply statistical principles to describe the prevalence of a disease in a group of individuals.

1.5 Knowledge and understanding of the immediate and future main challenges of oral health in the Syrian Arab Republic, as well as knowledge of the means of prevention and remedial mechanisms necessary to address these challenges.

1.6 Know the first-aid cases that can be encountered or occur during clinical treatment and know how to avoid them and deal with them, including the basics of respiratory resuscitation.

1.7 Knowledge and understanding of the principles and basics of preventive and preventive medicine in the field of dentistry.

1-8 Know and understand the ethical principles, professional standards and the health care system in the Syrian Arab Republic, with a focus on dental practice regulations and rules.

  1. Cognitive skills

Accelerated developments today in the world of knowledge and techniques require students to possess and demonstrate the ability to think critically and self-assessment skills. The study plan was built to develop critical thinking mechanisms and to enhance the skills of finding solutions to the problems that a practicing dentist may face.

The College seeks to ensure that all students upon their graduation from the program acquire the following specifications:

2.1 Ability to assess and integrate modern health care methods and apply them when needed.

2.2 Use of critical thinking and problem-solving skills to diagnose and treat oral diseases.

2.3 Ability to evaluate and integrate the results of scientific research and clinical applications with professional ethics for clinical practice based on scientific evidence.

  1. Interpersonal skills and responsibility

The personality of the dentist must be characterized by qualities that enable him to deal with all the patients and the concerned parties in the medical team and beyond with discipline and a high sense of responsibility within the different circumstances of the work commensurate with his position as part of the system of work in the field of health care. Therefore, students should be trained to work as a group in the spirit of one team and to play the role of leadership sometimes and act responsibly towards others, both in their relationships and personal or professional dealings. Students should also take ethical and legal considerations into account and be fully responsible for their educational attainment and self-development.

The College seeks to ensure that all students upon their graduation from the program acquire the following specifications:

3.1 Decent dealing on a personal level with all individuals in the work environment.

3.2 Consider the basics of psychosocial and behavioral aspects of patients when providing health care to them.

3.3 Ability to work productively with others as a member of the team and the ability to play the role of leadership effectively when required.

3.4 Understand the importance of self-development, professional knowledge and lifelong learning continuity.

  1. Communication skills and the use of information technology and numerical skills

Students are expected to demonstrate the ability to use ICTs effectively in their direct interaction with patients in clinical sessions or with all stakeholders in the healthcare system. Students are also required to demonstrate the ability to use appropriate mathematical and statistical means to investigate oral health problems in a group of patients or a wider community.

The College seeks to ensure that all students upon their graduation from the program acquire the following specifications:

4.1 Ability to communicate effectively with all members of the medical team and other health care personnel involved in dealing with patients' clinical situations.

4.2 Ability to apply risk management principles, including medical record keeping policy and patient consent to medical treatment.

4.3 Ability to evaluate and apply modern and innovative medical techniques and integrate them into the professional practice of dentistry.

4.4 Ability to identify and use effective statistical means to investigate oral health problems among individuals or groups to produce logical and specific conclusions.

  1. Psycho-motor skills

The practice of dentistry requires a high degree of skill and craftsmanship, and a great ability to control the use of medical tools and equipment, along with extensive knowledge and special skill in finding appropriate solutions to the problems associated with all the disciplines of dentistry. Students must therefore have the psych-motor skills necessary for a safe and professional practice.

The College seeks to ensure that all students upon their graduation from the program acquire the following specifications:

5.1 The manual skill required for clinical examination of the patient and the exercise of the required treatment procedures.

5.2 Sufficient and coordinated eye-hand coordination with ability to perform dental treatments.

The following table summarizes the program outcomes, teaching strategies and assessment methods of the dental program.

Bachelor of Dental Surgery Program Outcomes

 

NO.                                         

NQF Learning Domains and Learning         Outcomes

Teaching

Strategies

Assessment Methods

 

A

Knowledge 

A.1

Demonstrate an understanding of the basics of normal and abnormal structures and functions of the human body with special emphasis on the craniofacial and oral complex.

Lecture a

Tutorial c

 

Written exams1

In viva2

Appraisal assignments 4 

A.2

Identify the medical and dental concepts needed for the practice of dentistry.

Lecture a

Tutorial c

 

Written exams1

In viva2

Appraisal assignments 4 

A.3

Demonstrate knowledge required to practice evidence-based dentistry

Lecture a

Tutorial c

 

Written exams1

In viva2

B

Cognitive Skills 

B.1

Apply the basic facts and concepts needed for the diagnosis and treatment of dental problems

Tutorial c

Lab b

Clinical session d

Written exams1, Oral Exam2, Case-based scenario3 and OSCE6, OSPE7

B.2

Apply critical thinking and reasoning skills to formulate management plan of dental disorders

Tutorial c

Lab b

Clinical session d

Written exams 1, Oral Exam2, Case-based scenario 3, and OSCE6, OSPE7

B.3

Implement management strategies for individual and community health promotion with special emphasis on oral disease prevention.

Tutorial c

Lab b

Clinical session d

Written exams 1

In viva2

Case-based scenario 3

B.4

Evaluate the medical and oral emergencies in dental practice and emerging trends in oral diseases to outline their management at the graduate level.

 

Tutorial c

Lab b

Clinical session d

 

Written exams 1

In viva2

Case-based scenario 3

C

Interpersonal Skills & Responsibility  

C.1

Demonstrate ethical, professional, and legal responsibilities in the dentistry profession

Tutorial c

Clinical session d

Written exams 1

Approved procedures documented in logbook 8

C.2

Demonstrate collaborative teamwork and leadership spirit.

 

Clinical session d

Lab b

Case-based scenario 3

OSCE6 and OSPE7

C.3

Illustrate the responsibility for lifelong learning and self‐assessment to maintain professional competency

 

Tutorial c

Clinical session d

Appraisal assignments 4 

D

Communication, Information Technology, Numerical  

D.1

Demonstrate effective communication skills with the patients, their families and all members of the health team including documentation. 

Tutorial c

Lab b

Clinical session d

Case presentation 5

Approved procedures documented in logbook 8

 

D.2

Utilize modern technology and medical informatics in dental practice

Lab b

Clinical session d

Approved procedures documented in logbook 8 and OSCE6, OSPE7

E

Psychomotor 

E.1

Demonstrate skills for hand-eye coordination during patient clinical examination, diagnosis and dental treatment procedures.

Lab b

Clinical session d

Approved procedures documented in logbook 8 In viva, and OSCE6, OSPE7

 

Teaching Strategies

a. Lectures introduce students to concepts and highlight the scope of the topic. They discuss general principles and chief applications in patient care. They last 50 minutes, are delivered by faculty members and teaching staff, supported by audio visual aids such as data show presentations. Some lecturers use flip charts and videos.

b. During lab sessions, students apply basic knowledge in a controlled environment to translate basic medical/ dental and preclinical courses concepts. They use equipment, instruments and materials that demonstrate how these facts can be useful in-patient care.

c.Tutorials allow students to apply the concepts they were introduced during lectures to aspects of patients' care. They aim to develop their factual recall of knowledge, application, analysis and synthesis of knowledge.

d. Clinical sessions train students on actual patient care through emphasizing factual recall of knowledge, higher order cognitive skills, interpersonal skills and responsibility and communication. Through direct observation, performance and targeted feedback, their psychomotor skills develop to a level of competence that is required to graduate successfully.

 Assessment Methods

  1. Written Exams (Quizzes MID, and Final) are conducted in the 5th, 9th, and 16th week according to Schedule of Assessment Tasks in (course specification) for Students During the Semester OR year in clinical/ preclinical and didactic courses resistibly. Exams Quizzes MID, and Final include more than one type of questions; MCQs and any other types (short notes, essays, etc.  The percentage of MCQs in each exam should be 20% or more according to grading System since these are the types that can be assessed for difficulty and discrimination electronically.
  2. In viva: conducted by instructor pick up questions then prepare the answers for five minutes then answer, Oral Exam given to student to evaluate his knowledge, presentation/speaking skills, as well as the ability to communicate.
  3. Case-based Scenario Questions: Questions include scenarios based on cases with information the student is required to utilize to answer a number of questions that follow. These questions assess factual recall of information (knowledge) as well as higher order cognitive skills (application, analysis, synthesis.)
  4. In Appraisal Assignments (Individual and group assignment): the students recall and apply some of the principles they learn about the hierarchy of evidence, types of biases and criteria required for valid inference of causality.
  5. Case Presentations are used to demonstrate student's competence in various aspects of patients' care including diagnosis, treatment planning and assessment of treatment outcomes.
  6. Objective Structured Clinical Examination (OSCE): It is designed to test clinical skills performance and competence in skills such as communication, clinical examination, dental procedures / prescription, radiographic image evaluation and interpretation of results.
  7. Objective Structured Practical Examination (OSPE): It is designed to test practical skills performance and competence in skills such as practical exercises and preclinical dental procedures.

 Approved dental procedures documented in logbook: Students are evaluated based on the quantity and quality of dental cases they complete. Cases are performed over a semester/ year duration and documented in a logbook that shows the progress of students in demonstrating competences through time


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